Social Structure and Key Roles

Apiary, Bee, Beehive, Beekeeping

A honeybee can simply be described as the insect which produces honey. It was introduced to North America by early European settlers. Honeybees are naturally not aggressive insects. They will rarely sting unless if they’re defending their beehive from intruders. They can also hurt if triggered. These insects symbolize a very organized society where every caste of bees has special roles to play throughout their lifespan. In the winter season it remains inactive because the honeybees have to cluster together to feel warm. Studies show that clustering enables bees to keep the temperature level, within the beehive, at ninety-three degrees Fahrenheit.
Honeybees consist of three social groups. There’s always one queen at a beehive and she can live for three to five years. Her work is to replicate and fulfill the beehive. She can lay around two thousand eggs each day, after mating with a drone (a male bee) only once. All fertilized eggs become worker bees or female bees while unfertilized eggs become drones. When her fertility diminishes or her life ends, a new beehive queen is picked in the young larva.
It’s fed a diet of royal jelly or bee milk for sixteen days. The worker bee makes up the upcoming social group. She’s a hardworking, infertile female bee. During summer time, about eighty thousand worker bees are busy collecting pollen and nectar from plants. They live only for six weeks. During winter, about twenty to thirty thousand worker bees stay inactive inside a hive. Their daily chores are difficult and exhausting, including construction, nursing, undertaking, guarding and foraging.
If a worker bee stings a human being or another living thing once, her life comes to an end. Drone bees comprise the third caste. The main job of a drone or a male bee is to mate with a virgin queen bee. He has a pointed reproductive organ which causes his death after mating with a young queen. A beehive naturally has approximately three hundred to three thousand drones. A drone bee lacks a stinger, and so he cannot defend the hive during winter months. They are actually dragged from the hive during fall.
A honey bee’s finish products
Worker bees have a full responsibility of keeping a beehive. They produce a range of end products that are very useful to human beings as well as other bees. One of them is pollen, which describes the male germ cells generated from flowering trees and flowers for fertilization purposes. A honeybee gathers pollen from the areas and eats it. Pollen is extremely nutritious. It contains thirty-five percent protein, ten percent sugars, B complex vitamins, vitamin A, C, R and H, minerals, enzymes and carbohydrates. Because of eating pollen, worker bees are able to produce honey, beeswax, royal jelly, bee venom and propolis. All of these are safe for human consumption.


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