This was among the most brutal, bloody and Godforsaken times in the usa. The Sixties in the South were bad for us, but the Civil War was much worse. Why the South”enjoyed Dixie” and wanted to make another nation within the United States, one below the Mason-Dixon Line, is hard to fathom. People in the South even utilised to wear Civil War”recreations,” like it had been”fun” somehow, where actors pretended to”die” in the major battles of the War, which has been described by historians as a war in which”brother killed brother.”
Anyway, the Civil War was between the northern United States, (the Union, or the North) as well as the southern slave states of the temporary Confederate States of America (the Confederacy, or the South), which was led by their elected president, Jefferson Davis. The Union included all completely free states and also the five slave-holding Border States, and its leaders were President Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Party, which was actually the original version of what later became the Democratic Party.
The Republicans at that time opposed the expansion of slavery into USA owned territories abroad, and Lincoln’s victory in the presidential election of 1860 led to seven of the southern states declaring secession from the Union, which happened before Lincoln took office.
President Lincoln soon formed up a huge volunteer army of northerners, but four more southern states then declared their secession. Over the first year of the war, the Union assumed management of the Border States, establishing a naval blockade, but both sides amassed enormous armies and resources.
Some 620,000 Americans died fighting this bloody war, heralded as”the struggle between brother and brother in the land of liberty.” Many men who fought in it were family members associated with each other. The war caused an untold number of civilian casualties, financially ruining the white South. It left huge farm areas strewn with bodies, as newer weapons technologies caused massive damage.
This war went down in history as the worst one America ever fought, which is probably a significant reason why the South still remembers it. White northerners certainly recall their”attitude adjustment” issues over their loss, including references to the South”rising again” and somehow even, yes, seceding from the Union. The majority of the latter”ranting” has died down, since Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. led the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.
Howsoever, during the Civil War, the white North offered opportunities to blacks if they fought for them, while the South really used black soldiers , being able to press their own slaves to conflict. However, this is where the Emancipation Proclamation came to play, and what made it famous was that its”war target” was finishing southern slavery. This seriously complicated the Confederacy’s workforce shortages, and likely helped the Union to eventually win. But the entire country, especially the South itself, was torn destroyed and up, and needed reparations over a great period of time, causing the South to dream of white vengeance.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee won many victories initially over the Union army, but Lee’s loss at Gettysburg in 1863 turned into the war over to the North. Union General Ulysses S. Grant fought several grisly battles with Lee in 1864 which forced the Confederate general to defend the Confederate capital in Richmond, Virginia. Subsequently Union General William Sherman captured Atlanta, Georgia, beginning his famous March to the Sea, devastating a hundred-mile place in Georgia.
The war had been caused primarily by the battle over”the question of slavery.” The coexistence of a slave-owning South having an increasingly abolitionist North wasn’t well borne, and the battle was inevitable. Meanwhile, President Lincoln wouldn’t suggest federal laws against slavery where it already existed, although in his 1858″A House Divided” speech, he had said his plans to”arrest the further spread of it, and set it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction.”
Lincoln was often wishy-washy about ending slavery, wanting to make concessions to the South, so Dr. King was not his most enthusiastic supporter, along with other civil rights leaders. MLK apparently vastly enjoyed getting to talk in Washington D.C. following the”March for Jobs, Peace and Freedom” in 1963 at the base of the Lincoln Memorial, a giant white statue – because he made to outclass Lincoln with more people listen to what a black man had to say for a change. That is where King gave his”I Have a Dream” speech, affirming what Lincoln really wanted to believe. MLK was assassinated primarily for attempting to finish the”baggage” of years of oppression because of slavery. He wanted blacks to get jobs, and to end the Viet Nam War – not his most popular stage.
But slavery back in the 1800s was the dilemma of the century in America. Therefore, the most pitched American political battle of the 1850s was over the expansion of slavery into the newly created lands, which had been purchased from France through its emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte. All of these new organized territories were set to become free-soil nations, which pushed the South into secession, for both the North and the South knew that if slavery could not expand any further, it would perish. Too many state and federal laws were passed, banning the importation of additional slaves, as an example.
The South’s worries of losing control of State’s Rights to the national authorities and the abolitionists, and the contrasting northern fears that”slave power” (I believe that phrase might be from where Stokely Carmichael got”Black Power”) was controlling the government pushed the ongoing crisis to the wall in the late 1850s. Both the North and South were influenced by the thoughts of Thomas Jefferson from his”Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions,” which emphasized State’s Rights and the right of revolution said in the Declaration of Independence, but they interpreted them wildly differently from one another.
On the one hand, northerners like abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison and moderate Republican leader Abraham Lincoln stressed and underlined the Jeffersonian declaration that”All men are created equal,” a statement also said in Lincoln’s”Gettysburg Address.” But to oppose these views, Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens wrote”A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States.” He believed slavery was the”cornerstone of the Confederacy,” asserting that the war was not over slavery, but rather concerned State’s Rights. Stephens became among the South’s staunch defenders of what was becoming known as the”Lost Cause,” the attempt to keep the South’s”grand glory days.”